Blockchain-based services; blockchain-based systems; blockchain-based transactions; blockchain-based trading, payments, assignments, exchanges, markets transfers and novation; blockchain-based information, records and reporting; blockchain-based assurance; all of the aforesaid in relation to academic record management, anti-money laundering and counter-terrorism finance services, assurance services, auction systems, audit services, authentication management, authorisation management, banking services, barter systems, bulletin boards, bullion, calculators, catalogues, clearing (financial and financial products), clearing house financial services, clearing-houses (financial and financial products), collection of financial and banking information, commodities transactions, conducting management of financial transactions, contract performance assurances, contracts and transaction management, converters, conveyancing services, copyright ownership and use, credit services, currencies, custody services, customer and client identity verification services, customs, export and import finance and credit services, customs, export and import services, cyber crime enforcement, data destruction , data storage and management, decryption, deposit bond services, digital assets, digital identity, disintermediation, distributed ledger management, distribution management, document management, elections, electronic money transfer services, electronic payment services, encryption, escrow services, exchanges, facilities for investment, financial affairs, financial banking, financial consultation services, financial exchange services, financial payment services, financial products, financial records and reporting, financial services, foreign exchange, guarantee performance assurance, guarantees, guardianship services, identity theft and fraud prevention services, identity verification, insurance, intellectual property, inventory management, law enforcement, learning and education, leasing, ledger transfer technology, ledgers, legal services, logistical management, mapping owners to property, markets, message transfer delivery and verification, metals, micropayments, money exchange services, money transfer services, national money transfer ser; vices; debt collection services, news delivery and management, nominee services, notary services, orienteering problem management services, password management, pawn services, payment administration services, payment of bills, debits and accounts for others, peer to peer systems, performance bond assurance, personal property, precious metals, private key management, project management, proof of authorship, proof of existence, proof of identity, proof of non-existence, proof of order, proof of ownership, proof of time, real estate, real estate transactions, real property title ledgers and transactions, record management, royalty management, security access management, security interest, stored value record management, supply chain management, taxation services, tokens, trustless transactions and services management, voting; accessing, using and managing the aforesaid by passwords, tokens, cards, biometric information; information about the aforesaid; and online networks, websites and virtual private networks for the aforesaid